Glaucoma

Glaucoma Unit

Glaucoma is a group of diseases that can damage the eye's optic nerve and result in vision loss and blindness. The optic nerve is a bundle of more than 1 million nerve fibers. It connects the retina to the brain. The retina is the light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye. A healthy optic nerve is necessary for good vision.

Anyone can develop glaucoma. Some people are at higher risk than others. People with a family history of glaucoma, people with high Intraocular Pressure, with myopia or with diabetes mellitus are at higher risk than others, 

However, early diagnosis and treatment can often protect your eyes against serious vision loss.

In the Glaucoma Unit of the Eye Institute of Thrace there is a new technology department which offers high quality service to the diagnosis and treatment of Glaucoma.

The diagnostic examination procedures and tools include :

  • Gonioscopy
  • Ophthalmoscopy
  • Optic disc photography
  • Diurnal Tonometry and 24 hour evaluation of Intraocular Pressure (by using the Goldmann and the Pascal Tonometers)
  • Visual fields evaluation
  • Corneal Pachymetry (Quantel) evaluation
  • Analysis and Measurement of Retinal Thickness and Retinal Fiber Layer (GDX-VCC and OCT)
  • OCT of Anterior Segment (OCT VISANTE)

In order to keep the intraocular pressure (IOP) in such level which no damage to optic nerve will occur, several combinations of the modern pharmacological therapy are suggested based of the IOP characteristics of each patient.

The therapeutic procedures and tools include:

  • Argon laser trabeculoplasty
  • Nd: Yag laser peripheral iridotomy
  • Surgical operation: Trabeculectomy or Deep Sclerectomy to improve the drainage of aqueous fluid from the eye.
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  • Glaucoma implants